Kentucky

State

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2020 Population
4.46M
0.29% 1-year growth
US Senator
Mitch McConnell
Republican Party
US Senator
Rand Paul
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
39
0.257% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
16.6%
4.19% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$52,238
3.26% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$147,100
4.33% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
1.91M
0.618% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Kentucky had a population of 4.46M people with a median age of 39 and a median household income of $52,238. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Kentucky grew from 4.45M to 4.46M, a 0.29% increase and its median household income grew from $50,589 to $52,238, a 3.26% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Kentucky are White (Non-Hispanic) (84.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (7.98%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.23%), White (Hispanic) (2.16%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.51%).

5.7% of the households in Kentucky reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.6% of the residents in Kentucky are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Kentucky are University of Kentucky (8,401 degrees awarded in 2020), University of Louisville (5,324 degrees), and Western Kentucky University (4,803 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Kentucky was $147,100, and the homeownership rate was 67.6%. Most people in Kentucky drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Kentucky was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Kentucky is home to a population of 4.46M people, from which 97.6% are citizens. As of 2020, 3.95% of Kentucky residents were born outside of the country (176k people).

In 2020, there were 10.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (3.75M people) in Kentucky than any other race or ethnicity. There were 356k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 99.6k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Kentucky are Spanish (113,336 households), German (12,914 households), and French (Incl. Cajun) (9,006 households).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Kentucky
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    3.75M ± 1.86k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    356k ± 2.42k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    99.6k ± 3.07k
3.76%
Hispanic Population
168k people

In 2020, there were 10.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (3.75M people) in Kentucky than any other race or ethnicity. There were 356k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 99.6k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.76% of the people in Kentucky are hispanic (168k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Kentucky as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    113,336 households (2.71%)
  2. German
    12,914 households (0.308%)
  3. French (Incl. Cajun)
    9,006 households (0.215%)

5.7% of the households in Kentucky reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2020, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Kentucky was Spanish. 2.71% of the households in Kentucky reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.95%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
176k people
3.87%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
172k people

As of 2020, 3.95% of Kentucky residents (176k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kentucky was 3.87%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kentucky compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.1
39
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.6

In 2020, the median age of all people in Kentucky was 39. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Kentucky are getting getting older. In 2019, the average age of all Kentucky residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    29,760 ± 4,221 people
  2. India
    12,679 ± 2,761 people
  3. Cuba
    12,635 ± 2,756 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 29,760 Kentucky residents, followed by India with 12,679 and Cuba with 12,635.

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Citizenship

97.6%
2020 Citizenship
97.7%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 97.6% of Kentucky residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Kentucky was 97.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kentucky compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    90,029 ± 1,839
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    49,380 ± 1,723
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    38,731 ± 1,463

Kentucky has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.82 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Kentucky, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Kentucky. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Kentucky.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Kentucky across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Kentucky is $52,238. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Kentucky was Oldham County, KY with a value of $103,761, followed by Spencer County, KY and Boone County, KY, with respective values of $85,488 and $82,838.

Males in Kentucky have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,693. The income inequality in Kentucky (measured using the Gini index) is 0.454, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Kentucky employs 1.91M people. The largest industries in Kentucky are Elementary & secondary schools (124,745 people), Restaurants & Food Services (123,432 people), and Construction (103,315 people), and the highest paying industries are Metal ore mining ($118,436), Petroleum refining ($105,846), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($100,429).

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,238
2020 value
± $300
3.26%
1 Year Growth
± 0.791%

Households in Kentucky have a median annual income of $52,238, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,589 in 2019, which represents a 3.26% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Kentucky compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

$61,066
Average Male Salary in Kentucky
± $1,652
$45,693
Average Female Salary in Kentucky
± $1,209

In 2020, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Kentucky
  1. Asian
    $60,506 ± $10,478
  2. White
    $47,864 ± $1,011
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $39,200 ± $24,626

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Kentucky.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.454
2020 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.456
2019 Wage GINI in Kentucky

In 2020, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.454 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.305% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kentucky was Oldham County, KY with a value of $103,761, followed by Spencer County, KY and Boone County, KY, with respective values of $85,488 and $82,838.

The following map shows all of the counties in Kentucky colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kentucky (718k out of 4.32M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    574,272 ± 5,684
  2. Black
    90,861 ± 2,556
  3. Hispanic
    39,467 ± 1,534

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kentucky is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.91M
2020 Value
0.618%
1 Year growth
± 0.618%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Kentucky grew at a rate of 0.618%, from 1.9M employees to 1.91M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kentucky, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (48,625 people), Registered nurses (47,669 people), and Cashiers (46,303 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kentucky.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Kentucky, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (48,625 people), Registered nurses (47,669 people), and Cashiers (46,303 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Kentucky has an unusually high number of residents working as School bus monitors (4.09 times higher than expected), Mining machine operators (3.87 times), and Food & tobacco roasting, baking, & drying machine operators & tenders (3.56 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Kentucky, by average salary, are Physicians ($262,802), Surgeons ($239,633), and Aircraft pilots & flight engineers ($198,787).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.91M
2020 Value
0.618%
1 Year growth
± 0.618%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Kentucky grew at a rate of 0.618%, from 1.9M employees to 1.91M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kentucky, are Elementary & secondary schools (124,745 people), Restaurants & Food Services (123,432 people), and Construction (103,315 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kentucky, though some of these residents may live in Kentucky and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Kentucky, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (124,745 people), Restaurants & Food Services (123,432 people), and Construction (103,315 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Kentucky has an unusually high number of Coal mining (9.37 times higher than expected), Household appliance manufacturing (7.54 times), and Aluminum production & processing (6.49 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Kentucky, by average salary, are Metal ore mining ($118,436), Petroleum refining ($105,846), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($100,429).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $57B
  2. $34.7B
  3. $31.1B

In 2020, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $57B, followed by Electronics ($34.7B) and Machinery ($31.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky.
$326B
2020 Value in Kentucky
$644B
Projected 2050 Value in Kentucky
97.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound Kentucky trade was $326B. This is expected to increase 97.4% to $644B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $24.4B
  2. $18.8B
  3. $17.9B

In 2020, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Tennessee with $24.4B, followed by Ohio with $18.8B and California and $17.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Kentucky went to Donald J. Trump with 62.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.23%). The most partisan county was Leslie County, KY with 89.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Kentucky
62.1% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Kentucky
  1. 89.8% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 89.2% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 89% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Kentucky was Leslie County, KY with 89.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Kentucky colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Kentucky

Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing Kentucky.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2020, universities in Kentucky awarded 89,048 degrees. The student population of Kentucky is skewed towards women, with 111,103 male students and 156,962 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Kentucky are White (67,230 and 81.1%), followed by Black or African American (5,543 and 6.69%), Unknown (3,065 and 3.7%), and Hispanic or Latino (3,045 and 3.67%).

The largest universities in Kentucky by number of degrees awarded are University of Kentucky (8,401 and 9.43%), University of Louisville (5,324 and 5.98%), and Western Kentucky University (4,803 and 5.39%).

The most popular majors in Kentucky are Liberal Arts & Sciences (5,647 and 6.34%), General Computer & Information Sciences (4,666 and 5.24%), and Registered Nursing (4,543 and 5.1%).

The median tuition costs in Kentucky are $25,170 for private four year colleges, and $9,589 and $19,605 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 2,363 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 1,316 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 992 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Kentucky was Registered Nursing with 2,363 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Kentucky according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 8,401 degrees awarded
  2. 5,324 degrees awarded
  3. 4,803 degrees awarded
$9,589
Median In-State Public
$25,170
Median Private

In 2020, the Kentucky institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Kentucky with 8,401 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

43,329
Degrees Awarded to Men
45,719
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 43,329 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Kentucky, which is 0.948 times less than the 45,719 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the top 5 institutions in Kentucky by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    67,230 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    5,543 degrees awarded
  3. Unknown
    3,065 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Kentucky was White students. These 67,230 degrees mean that there were 12.1 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 5,543 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kentucky was $147,100 in 2020, which is 0.64 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $141,000 to $147,100, a 4.33% increase. The homeownership rate in Kentucky is 67.6%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Kentucky have an average commute time of 23.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Kentucky is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$147,100
2020 Median
± $846
$141,000
2019 Median
± $643

In 2020, the median property value in Kentucky grew to to $147,100 from the previous year's value of $141,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Kentucky compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kentucky the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$52,238
Median Household Income
± $300
1.75M
Number of Households
± 9,744

In 2020, the median household income of the 1.75M households in Kentucky grew to $52,238 from the previous year's value of $50,589.

The following chart displays the households in Kentucky distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Kentucky distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kentucky the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.6%
2020 Homeownership
67.2%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 67.6% of the housing units in Kentucky were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Kentucky compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kentucky have a shorter commute time (23.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.13% of the workforce in Kentucky have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kentucky compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (81.2%)
  2. Carpooled (9.16%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.31%)

In 2020, 81.2% of workers in Kentucky drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.16%) and those who worked at home (5.31%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kentucky distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kentucky have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

94.4% of the population of Kentucky has health coverage, with 45.6% on employee plans, 22.6% on Medicaid, 12.9% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 1.92% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Kentucky was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see 1543 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.31% increase from the previous year (1523 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1491 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 416 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Knott County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21%). Additionally, Owsley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,543 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Kentucky

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see an average of 1,543 patients per year. This represents a 1.31% increase from the previous year (1,523 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kentucky in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
$8,004
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Kentucky
$4,551
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,016
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,368
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.62%
Uninsured
45.6%
Employer Coverage
22.6%
Medicaid
12.9%
Medicare
11.4%
Non-Group
1.92%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kentucky declined by 1.35% from 5.7% to 5.62%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kentucky changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 21% prevalence
  2. 20.3% prevalence
  3. 20.2% prevalence

Knott County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 21%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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