Clay County, IL

County

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2020 Population
13,217
0.527% 1-year decline
US Senator
Dick Durbin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tammy Duckworth
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
42.1
1.17% 1-year decrease
2020 Poverty Rate
16.8%
1.72% 1-year increase
2020 Median Household Income
$52,167
7.56% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$84,400
0.118% 1-year decline
2020 Employed Population
6,042
0.199% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Clay County, IL had a population of 13.2k people with a median age of 42.1 and a median household income of $52,167. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Clay County, IL declined from 13,287 to 13,217, a −0.527% decrease and its median household income grew from $48,500 to $52,167, a 7.56% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (96%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.53%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.545%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.439%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (0.25%).

None of the households in Clay County, IL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.9% of the residents in Clay County, IL are U.S. citizens.

In 2020, the median property value in Clay County, IL was $84,400, and the homeownership rate was 74.3%. Most people in Clay County, IL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Clay County, IL was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Clay County, IL is home to a population of 13.2k people, from which 99.9% are citizens. As of 2020, 0.409% of Clay County, IL residents were born outside of the country (54 people).

In 2020, there were 38 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (12.7k people) in Clay County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 334 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 72 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, IL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    12.7k ± 19
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    334 ± 93
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    72 ± 71
0.25%
Hispanic Population
33 people

In 2020, there were 38 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (12.7k people) in Clay County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 334 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 72 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

0.25% of the people in Clay County, IL are hispanic (33 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Clay County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.409%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
54 people
0.452%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
60 people

As of 2020, 0.409% of Clay County, IL residents (54 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Clay County, IL was 0.452%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Clay County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

42
Median Native-Born Age
± 1.1
63
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 6

In 2020, the median age of all people in Clay County, IL was 42.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 63. But people in Clay County, IL are getting getting younger. In 2019, the average age of all Clay County, IL residents was 43.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    628,401 ± 18,975 people
  2. India
    158,225 ± 9,705 people
  3. Poland
    127,303 ± 8,716 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 628,401 Illinois residents, followed by India with 158,225 and Poland with 127,303.

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Citizenship

99.9%
2020 Citizenship
99.9%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 99.9% of Clay County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Clay County, IL was 99.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Clay County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    397 ± 126
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    141 ± 80
  3. Korea
    90 ± 54

Clay County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.82 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Illinois, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Illinois. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Illinois.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Illinois across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Clay County, IL is $52,167. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Clay County, IL was Census Tract 9722 with a value of $58,355, followed by Census Tract 9719 and Census Tract 9721, with respective values of $55,110 and $50,685.

Males in Illinois have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,880. The income inequality in Illinois (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Clay County, IL employs 6.04k people. The largest industries in Clay County, IL are Manufacturing (1,635 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (994 people), and Educational Services (573 people), and the highest paying industries are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($84,479), Public Administration ($66,154), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services ($59,632).

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,167
2020 value
± $4,104
7.56%
1 Year Growth
± 8.26%

Households in Clay County, IL have a median annual income of $52,167, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $48,500 in 2019, which represents a 7.56% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Clay County, IL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.
$77,685
Average Male Salary in Illinois
± $1,244
$57,880
Average Female Salary in Illinois
± $945

In 2020, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Illinois
  1. Asian
    $76,473 ± $3,501
  2. White
    $62,534 ± $868
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $56,111 ± $35,058

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Illinois.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Clay County, IL is from Illinois.
0.479
2020 Wage GINI in Illinois
0.482
2019 Wage GINI in Illinois

In 2020, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.707% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9722
  2. Census Tract 9719
  3. Census Tract 9721

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Clay County, IL was Census Tract 9722 with a value of $58,355, followed by Census Tract 9719 and Census Tract 9721, with respective values of $55,110 and $50,685.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Clay County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 35 - 44
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Clay County, IL (2.18k out of 13k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,107 ± 278
  2. Two Or More
    34 ± 108
  3. Black
    25 ± 93

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Clay County, IL is White, followed by Two Or More and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.04k
2020 Value
± 518
0.199%
1 Year growth
± 11.7%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Clay County, IL grew at a rate of 0.199%, from 6.03k employees to 6.04k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Clay County, IL, are Production Occupations (913 people), Management Occupations (536 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (527 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Clay County, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Clay County, IL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (913 people), Management Occupations (536 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (527 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.71 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (2.17 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.94 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Clay County, IL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($81,910), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($71,136), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($67,917).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.04k
2020 Value
± 518
0.199%
1 Year growth
± 11.7%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Clay County, IL grew at a rate of 0.199%, from 6.03k employees to 6.04k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Clay County, IL, are Manufacturing (1,635 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (994 people), and Educational Services (573 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Clay County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Clay County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Clay County, IL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,635 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (994 people), and Educational Services (573 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, IL has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (5.78 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.79 times), and Manufacturing (2.7 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Clay County, IL, by median earnings, are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($84,479), Public Administration ($66,154), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services ($59,632).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $138B
  2. $87.2B
  3. $79.8B

In 2020, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Electronics with $138B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($87.2B) and Mixed freight ($79.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois.
$1.03T
2020 Value in Illinois
$1.94T
Projected 2050 Value in Illinois
88.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Illinois trade was $1.03T. This is expected to increase 88.6% to $1.94T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $77.4B
  2. $56.8B
  3. $46.1B

In 2020, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $77.4B, followed by Wisconsin with $56.8B and California and $46.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Clay County, IL went to Donald J. Trump with 81.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (16.4%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.28%). The most partisan county was Wayne County, IL with 84.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing the state of Illinois. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Illinois is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Illinois.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Clay County, IL
81.7% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Illinois
  1. 84.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 84.2% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 81.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Illinois was Wayne County, IL with 84.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Illinois colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Illinois

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Dick Durbin
Senator from Illinois2
Assumed office on January 3, 1997
Tammy Duckworth
Senator from Illinois3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing Illinois.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Illinois over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Illinois

Illinois is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Illinois have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Clay County, IL was $84,400 in 2020, which is 0.367 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $84,500 to $84,400, a 0.118% decrease. The homeownership rate in Clay County, IL is 74.3%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Clay County, IL have an average commute time of 24.2 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Clay County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$84,400
2020 Median
± $6,945
$84,500
2019 Median
± $5,594

In 2020, the median property value in Clay County, IL declined from to $84,400 from the previous year's value of $84,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Clay County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $70k - $80k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$52,167
Median Household Income
± $4,104
5.61k
Number of Households
± 481

In 2020, the median household income of the 5.61k households in Clay County, IL grew to $52,167 from the previous year's value of $48,500.

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Clay County, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.3%
2020 Homeownership
74.5%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 74.3% of the housing units in Clay County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 74.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Clay County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.2 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Clay County, IL have a shorter commute time (24.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 4.64% of the workforce in Clay County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Clay County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (85.9%)
  2. Worked At Home (5.6%)
  3. Carpooled (4.64%)

In 2020, 85.9% of workers in Clay County, IL drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (5.6%) and those who carpooled to work (4.64%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Clay County, IL have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

94.8% of the population of Clay County, IL has health coverage, with 44.1% on employee plans, 23.2% on Medicaid, 15.4% on Medicare, 11.1% on non-group plans, and 1.05% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Illinois was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Clay County, IL see 6626 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.121% decrease from the previous year (6634 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1883 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 776 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Wayne County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.9%). Additionally, Vermilion County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

6,626 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Clay County, IL

Primary care physicians in Clay County, IL see an average of 6,626 patients per year. This represents a 0.121% decrease from the previous year (6,634 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Clay County, IL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
$8,262
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Illinois
$4,875
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$4,959
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,116
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.16%
Uninsured
44.1%
Employer Coverage
23.2%
Medicaid
15.4%
Medicare
11.1%
Non-Group
1.05%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Clay County, IL declined by 19.2% from 6.38% to 5.16%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Clay County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 19.9% prevalence
  2. 18.5% prevalence
  3. 18.3% prevalence

Wayne County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 19.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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